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Electronic Resources for American Indian, First Nations & Indigenous Studies

The purpose of this research guide is to focus on key Electronic Resources for American Indian, First Nations & Indigenous Studies, with an emphasis on the Native American experience in the United States.

Grey Literature & Think Tanks

Grey literature refers to resources "That are produced by all tiers of government, academics, business and industry in both electronic and print formats, but is not controlled by commercial publishers." (Source). As Grey literature is not published in traditional sources, it can be very difficult to find.  Grey literature are very important resources for several disciplines and often can include needs assessments, evidence reviews, policy reports, and statistical analysis. Please Note* Grey literature does not undergo a peer-review process so material should be evaluated carefully. 

Think Tanks / Policy Institutes

are agencies that are staffed by researchers, scientists, economists, and academics who conduct and publish research on various public policy issues.  

Aboriginal Healing Foundation (AHS)

Aboriginal-managed not-for-profit corporation that was given a $350 million dollar grant by the federal government of Canada.  Its mission was to support Aboriginal people and investigate abuses in the residential school system.   The AHS produced many reports that are available on its site. Its mandate ended in 2014.

Brookings Institute 

It is a liberal think tank that conducts research in economics, government administration and various areas in the social sciences.  Founded in 1916 as the Institute for Government Research (IGR), the present-day institute formed in 1927 and is headquartered in Washington, D.C. 

Fraser Institute 

It is an independent, non-partisan research and educational organization headquartered in Vancouver, B.C. and was established in 1974.  Often categorized as politically conservative, the Fraser Institute publishes peer-reviewed research into economic and public policy issues including taxation, government spending, health care, school performance, and trade.

Pembina Institute 

It was founded in Alberta in 1985 and focuses on developing clean energy policies in Canada.  It also has a fee-based consulting service.

Yellowhead Institute 

It is a First Nation-led research centre based in the Faculty of Arts at Ryerson University in Toronto. Privileging First Nation philosophy and rooted in community networks, the institute is focused on policies related to land and governance.