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Finding and Using Visual Resources

Citing images using APA style

There are no set rules for citing works of art in APA style, but treating them as figures is easiest. Below are some guidelines for using image properly in APA style.

  • Images should appear at the end of your manuscript, be labeled with a figure number and given a caption. This figure number can be used in the text when referencing an image.
  • The figure number and caption should appear directly below the image.
  • Include, at minimum, creator (last name, first name), title, work date (if not known use n.d.), and the image source. For more descriptive captions, it is acceptable to include materials, measurements, the repository of the work.

Image From an Electronic Source

Figure Number. Artist/Creator's Last name, Initial. (date). Title. [materials]. Repository. Webpage Title. (Year, Month, day). Title of webpage. Retrieved from: URL. Credit line.

Fig. 14. Model, L. (1949). Opera. [Gelatin silver print]. National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa. Reed Digital Collections. Retrieved from: https://rdc.reed.edu/i/030e0385-3a84-4061-99d1-aa8f072cd006. © Estate of Lisette Model.

Image Found in a Print Source

Figure Number. Artist/Creator's Last name, Initial. (date). Title. [materials]. Repository.  Source Title (page) by Author, date, PublisherWebpage Title. (Year, Month, day).  Credit line.

Fig. 8. Warhol, Andy (1956) Young Man with Pears, [drawing], ink and pencil on paper, 17 x 20 inches. Anthony D'Offay Gallery, London, England. From Tallman, S. (1996). The contemporary print : From pre-pop to postmodern. London: Thames and Hudson. © Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts / Artists Rights Society (ARS), NY.