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Finding and Using Visual Resources

Citing images using Chicago style

Typically images are not cited in the bibliography. Rather the information necessary to locate an image is included in an image caption. Include the following information in an image caption.

  • Label : Figure or fig. followed by Arabic numerals.
  • Notes often include : artist’s name (first name, last name), title (italicized), date, materials, measurements, repository and location (if known).
  • Source : whether print or electronic, should be cited as per Chicago manual instructions.
  • Credit line.

Image From an Electronic Source (non-repository)

Note:
Figure Number. Artist/Creator, Title, date, materials, measurements, repository/location. Source. URL. (Credit Line).

Figure 6. Helen Frankenthaler, Europa, 1957, oil on unprimed canvas, 179.1 x 137.8 cm, Helen Frankenthaler Foundation, New York, New York. Reed Digital Collections. https://rdc.reed.edu/i/d108b8fd-0f50-4e3b-bedc-3000dc173554. (© 2019 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York)

Image From the Repository

Note:
Figure Number. Artist/Creator, Title, date, materials, measurements, repository/location, URL if consulted online. (Credit Line).

Figure 3.5. Berenice Abbott, Jane Heap, ca. 1928, gelatin silver print, 24.1 x 18.7 cm [9 1/2 x 7 3/8 inches], The Metropolitan Museum of Art. https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/261798. (Image courtesy The Metropolitan Museum of Art; © Berenice Abbott / Commerce Graphics Ltd. Inc.)

Image Found in a Print Source

Note:
Figure Number. Artist/Creator, Title, date, materials, measurements, repository/location. Source. figure/plate number. (Credit Line).

Figure 7. Helen Frankenthaler, Europa, 1957, oil on unprimed canvas, 179.1 x 137.8 cm, Helen Frankenthaler Foundation, New York, New York. Frankenthaler, Helen, and Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. After Mountains and Sea : Frankenthaler 1956-1959. New York, NY: Guggenheim Museum, 1998. fig. 3. (© 2019 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York).